UNGRIEVABLE AND GRIEVABLE LIVES: SOCIOANALYSIS IN THE ERA OF BIOPOWER
The article tests an approach to the problem field of socioanalysis – the suffering from society – departing from a basic biopolitical distinction proposed by Judith Butler: between ungrievable and grievable lives. This distinction, into which the anticipation of death and dying is coded, is thematized in two aspects. In the context of the analyhtic of biopower, it is considered as heuristic with regard to a possible concept of biopower unconscious, as well as to outlining the category of ‘radical otherness’ in the field of biopolitics today. In the context of socioanalysis, the figure of (un)grievability, as proposed by Butler, is analyzed with an interest to the work of mourning and the related modalities of intersubjective time in death and suffering. The surviving and the impossible synchronization between lives in the meeting with death are conceived as a constitutive condition for the practices of caring-for (correspondingly, of therapeutic dispositives) permeated by strategies of giving – or taking – time. In conclusion, the diagnosis of the present time as ‘biopolitical management of the ungrievable’ and reduction of grief is related to the problem, raised by the late (‘anthropological’) Bourdieu, of the power to dispose of the time of the Others.
Keywords: socianalysis, biopolitical management of the ungrievable, work of grief, biopower unconscious, radical otherness, power over the time of life
REVOLUTION AND TIME: CONTEXT AND PSYCHOANALYTIC TURN IN JULIA KRISTEVA’S WRITING
The paper examines Kristeva’s persistent interest in revolution/revolt as a problem of time (rupture, breach, schism but also turn, curve, perpetual movement) and as a problem in time (“What revolt today?”). The methodological turn from linguistic to psychoanalysis plays a crucial role in the shift of Kristeva’s thought from the political interface of poetic language to her later emphasis on intimate revolt as the basis of social renewal and to her current take on the sick ideality at the heart of new forms of revolt. This shift, however, is not only a matter of methodological priority but also of a vibrant sensitivity to shifting social, political, technological and cultural exigencies. Evoking Dante’s neologism trasumanar, “transhumanize” in her recent work, Kristeva’s reflection moves from anamnesis to fantasy and from return to rupture in order to re-open the question of revolt as a defining characteristic of the human.
Keywords: revolution, revolt, time, robot, transhumanization
THE BIOGRAPHICAL MACHINE, THE DEATH OF BIOGRAPHIES, AND REVOLUTIONARY SELF-INHERITANCE
In this article, I return to a study conducted in the early1990s by the Institute for Social Critique, ‘The Death of Biographies’. It was extremely interesting for us at the time to witness the spectacular phenomena of the crisis of biographical machines. We called ‘biographical machine’ the effects of public constitution of identities, the heliotropic effects (turnabouts) of biographical towards historical narratives – taking a position as from the future, making the sense of ‘my/our life’ cohere with ‘the meaning of history’. A biographical machine throws bridges, neutralizes breakages and abysses between life and biography, giving life a generally accepted and recognized meaning. Life and the narratives about it, although intertwined, are not the same thing. In the transitions/translations from private to public spheres, the hidden tensions break out between the person living his or her own ‘unique’ life and his or her public presentations. Life, although being a reality made into a unified whole, has no universal structure of meaning. The border events (‘interspace events’) interwoven into narratives mark the transitions between radically different biographical situations – unfolding and convolution, acquiring and deprivation, giving and taking away a ‘meaning of life’. Following Freud, we called these processes ‘biographical dreaming’. The crisis of biographies reveals the symptoms of blocking the transfer of meanings from the individual and group plane into the universal (biographical and historical) plane and reversely, caused by the ‘Golgothas’ of history. Today, biographical machines seem to awaken again. An effect/symptom of what is this?
Keywords: biographical/historical narratives, biographical machines, heliotropic effects, biographical crises, revolutionary self-inheritance
PROPHECIES, DRIVES, BIOGRAPHIES
The issue of he following communication is the possible, ot the impossible links between personal and family traumas, on the one side, the biographical and the autobiographical, on the other, and the models in the mythological cosmogonies, on the thirth side. The limits of the biografical are solicited throuhg the deconstuction of the notion of Complexe of Oedipus.
Are we able to avoid the circonstances, the family and the general contexte of our birth? What is the meaninig of the “signs” of our “destiny”? Ansewers are provided from differents fields of the knowlege: social, political, biografical, psychoanlytical.
Via an analyse of the notion “drive”, or “Triebe” in Freud and Lacan, the article deals with the prophecy and its secret messages, the enigme of our origin and how they are, or are not integrated in the social and the symbolic order.
Keywords: prophecy, biography, trauma, drives, cosmogony, enigme
AFTERWARDNESS, OR DEFERRED ACTION: A CONTRIBUTION TO THE HISTORY OF A PSYCHOANALYTICAL CONCEPT
The article problematizes the psychoanalytical concept of deferred – occurring in the course of therapy – attribution of meaning to traumatic experiences. The author pre-sents the genealogy of the concept of “afterwardness” or “deferred action” in the works of Freud and certain post-Freudian interpretations. The article outlines a possible socio-analytical, relevant application of the concept in biographical studies. In the course of sociological interviewing, this use of the term would enable stimulating the process of biographical remembering of the past as well as the present self-understanding of the respondent, thanks to which the suppressed experiences, latent contents, or hitherto unconscious attitudes may be justified and acquire a new meaning for him/her.
Keywords: Nachträglichkeit, deferred action, remembering, subconscious, psychoanalytical understanding of time
MEASURES AND MEASUREMENT IN EVERYDAY LIFE: ON A MOTIVE IN HEIDEGGER AND SACKS
Basically, the paper is centered both on the construction, resp. usage of concepts in everyday life and on the necessity of legitimizing of sociological concepts in everyday practices. More concretely, it is focused on the question of everyday measurement. It is highlightedthrough a comparison between the specifics of everyday measuring in M. Heidegger’s Being and Time (§§ 23, 24) and the so-called “standardized categories” in frames of H. Sacks’ everyday “measurement systems” (Lectures on Conversation). Special emphasis is put on the complementarity between both perspectives and on the logic of use of everyday measuring constructs in everyday practices.
Keywords: Dasein, formulations, standardized categories, practical formalization, measurement, measurement systems, Ent-fernung
SOCIO-ANALYSIS OF SELF-INHERITANCE
Issue Editors: Svetlana Sabeva, Stoyka Penkova
SOCIO-ANALYSIS: THE POSSIBILITIES OF A BORDERLINE DISCIPLINE
Four Basic Concepts in Pierre Bourdieu’s Socio-analysis
Ungrievable and Grievable Lives: Socio-analysis in the Era of Biopower
PSYCHOANALYSIS AND SELF-INHERITANCE
Revolution and Time: Context and the Psychoanalytic Turn in Julia Kristeva’s Writings
The Biographical Machine, the Death of Biographies, and Revolutionary Self-inheritance
Prophecies, Drives, Biographies
Afterwardness, or Deferred Action: A Contribution to the History of a Psychoanalytical Concept
FROM ETHNOMETHODOLOGY TO SOCIO-ANALYSIS
Measures and Measurement in Everyday Life: On a Motif in Heidegger and Sacks
The Problem of Reflexivity: The Boundary between Ethnomethodology and Socio-analysis
Inequality in a Praxeological Perspective: Its Everyday Formulations as Empirical Data
PHENOMENOLOGICAL PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND SOCIO-ANALYSIS
Mental Suffering and the Constitutive Fragility of the Human Personality
Todor Petkov and Svetlana Sabeva interview Giovanni Stanghellini
METHODS AND DATA IN SOCIO-ANALYSIS
Modalities, Modalizations, Modal Transitions
Logical Forms of Induction and the Data of Socio-analysis
From Stanghellini and Bourdieu towards the Socio-analysis of Self-Inheritance: On Common Corporeality as a Fundament
SOCIO-ANALYTICAL PRACTICE: ANALYSIS OF CASES
Socio-analysis of Postponement (the Case of Z.)
Self-inheritance in Disease
Socio-analysis in the Field of Helping Professions. The Context of the Bulgarian Institutional Employment System
The Case of Beckett. Self-inheritance and Identity
Konstantin Kaburov, Tanya Orbova
STRANGENESS AS A PSYCHO-SOCIAL REGION
Simmel, Freud and the World of Smells as a Challenge to Sociology
Work in Feelings: Cultural Psychology and Strangeness as a Psycho-social Region
Svetlana Sabeva interviews Jürgen Straub
Enemy-related Discourse in State Security Documents: Socio-analytical Aspects
CULTURAL HERITAGE AND (NON)MARKET RELATIONS
National Cinema and the National Film Market in the Age of Globalization
Attitudes of Bulgarian Students towards Cultural Heritage Preservation and Inclination to Engagement and Donation
THE WESTERN BALKANS ON THE ROAD TO THE EUROPEAN UNION
Democracy and the Rule of Law in the Process of Preparation for EU Membership – The Case of Bulgaria, Serbia and Macedonia
PROFESSIONAL CHALLENGES TO HEALTHCARE
Attractiveness of Major Professions in Healthcare
COMMENTS AND REVIEWS
Xenophobia: Stigmatization of Those Who Are Different (D. Gradev, A. Marinov, Xenophobia: Stigmatization of Those Who Are Different)
Dispute as Biopolitics? (B. Angelova-Igova, Inventing the Machine Man. The Sporter’s Body)
Community and Society According to Weber(M. Weber, Figures of Culture/Figures of Power)
Models of Autobiographical Narrative Related to Socialism. Between the Verbal and the Written (The Difficult Story. Ed. by Al. Kiossev, D. Koleva)
Social Trauma and Social Responsibility: Interdisciplinary Readings (R. Petrov, Confused in Pain: Social Trauma and Social Responsibility)
Along the Transversals of Dream. Towards a Phenomenology of Imagination (L. Binswanger, R. Kuhn, H. Maldiney, Dream and Existence, Vol. 2)