MUSEUM OF SOCIALISM:

THE CONTRADICTIONS OF HERITAGE

Issue Editors: Darin Tenev, Todor Hristov

APPROACHES TO A SOCIOANALYTICAL NOTION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOCIALISM

Socioanalysis and the Philosophical Problematization of Communism: Self-Inheritance (Towards The Problem of a Future Virtual Museum of Socialism)

Deyan Deyanov

Exhibiting Bodies and Museumizing Suffering

Svetlana Sabeva

In the Courtroom of the Personal “Court Of History”: (Illocutions in the Diaries of Socialism)

Todor Petkov

DISTRIBUTION OF THE SENSORY: SOCIALIST PRACTICES

The Union of Bulgarian Artistsand the Image of Everyday Lifein the First Half of the 1950s

Ivan Elenkov

Pictures at the End of the Ancien Regime

AndreyBundzhulov

IDEOLOGY AND ECONOMY

Shortage Economy / Arbitrage Economy

Todor Hristov

The Organization of Socialist Tradein Bulgaria, 1954–1963: Doctrinal Contradictions and Inter-Institutional Tensions

Elitza Stanoeva

READINGS OF THE SOCIALIST HERITAGE

The Social Sciences in the Archives of State Security

Liliana Deyanova

Reading the Communist Legacy through Non-Coinciding Coincidences: Tzvetan Stoyanov with Julia Kristeva and Georgi Markov

Miglena Nikolchina

SELF-PRESENTATION OF SOCIALISM

The Discourse of the Fatherland as a Representation of Socialist Ideology: Discursive Forms and Derivations in a Child’s Personal Diary from the Period 19481953

Stoyka Penkova

Sanitary Culture: Toilet Challenges

Nina Nikolova

Contemporary Art as Ars Memoriae: Curatorial Narratives and Politics of Memory of the Communist Past

Svetla Kazalarska

ANTI-COMMUNIST DISCOURSE TODAY

Communism is an Evil

Georgi Medarov

Communism is a Mistake

Jana Tsoneva

OUR INTERVIEW

Beyond the Boundaries of the Discipline:

ЕvgeniaKrasteva-BlagoevaInterviewsMike Featherstone

A CONTINUING TOPIC

An Apologia of Freedomas Power in “The First Person”. Part II: Exercising Freedom

Dimitar Vatsov

POLITICAL STAKES OF RELIGION

On Religion, Politics, and Secularism after Charlie Hebdo (A Public Debate)

Freedom of Speech and Blasphemy

Stiliyan Yotov

Sayyid Qutb and Radical Islam

Petar-Emil Mitev

FACE-TO-FACE

Academic Capitalism, Rankings of Universities, and the Future of the European Research Area

Rumiana Jeleva Interviews Richard Münch

THE STUDY OF INFORMAL ECONOMY

Minimum Insurance Income: A Tool that PolarizedPublic Opinion in Bulgaria

Emilia Chengelova

INMEMORIAM

VeskaKozhuharova-Zhivkova (1938–2015)

UlrichBeck (1944–2015)

Edmund Wnuk-Lipiński  (1944–2015)

FORTHCOMING EVENTS

Acceleration: Are We in a State of Desynchronization? (Professor Hartmut Rosa in Bulgaria for the Presentation of His Legendary Book on the Change of Temporal Structures)

ScientificEvents

International Meeting “Urban Agriculture” under the Cost Programme

Dona Pickard

International Scientific Conference “New Consumer Practices in the 21st Centruy. Anthropological Perspectives”

Tsvete Lazova

ReviewsandComments

Mediocrity as a Risk Factor (Doncho Gradov, The Power of the Little Man,

Nauka i izkustvo Publishers, 2015)

Tanya Nedelcheva

“From Migration to Mobility” to “Settling into Mobility” (Anna Krasteva From Migration to Mobility:

Policies and Paths, NBU Publishers, 2014)

Vanya Ivanova

Bulgarian Socialism: Loves and Languages (on Love under Socialism: Images, Patterns, Taboos,

CAR/Riva, 2015)

Albena Hranova

Social Empirical Studies: Methodological Aspects (On Social Empirical studies – Methodological Aspects, Marin Drinov Academic Publishing House, 2015)

Valentina Zlatanova

New books

Abstracts

contents

MUSEUM OF SOCIALISM:

THE CONTRADICTIONS OF HERITAGE

 Abstracts

 SOCIOANALYSIS AND THE PHILOSOPHICAL PROBLEMATIZATION OF COMMUNISM: SELF-INHERITANCE (TOWARDS THE PROBLEM OF A FUTURE VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF SOCIALISM)

DEYAN DEYANOV

This article requires thinking at the borderline, where, while being a socioanalyst, the author must also be a philosopher: as Foucault would say, we must be critical ontologists of the present and of ourselves. For philosophy – and specifically the one that, as he says, raises “the question of the present as a philosophical event to which the philosopher who speaks about it belongs” (and the question of the form in which, in the critical ontology of the present, the questions of the Enlightenment and of revolution are intertwined) – is what can be of great help as a counselor to socioanalysis in its civil functions. It can help us in problematizing “the contradictions of the inheritance” of the society in which we lived before 1989 – a society still lingering in our own fractalized identities and in the broken destinies of the still-living “enemies of the people” and the “active fighters against fascism and capitalism”; but it can also help us decide to invest effort to resolve these contradictions, i.e., to successfully self-inherit ourselves (as far as this is still possible). By “successful self-inheriting despite the contradictions of inheritance”, I mean the successful overcoming of the melancholic or schizophrenic “Í am who I am not” or “I am not who I am” of fractalized identity. This overcoming relies on those who point the imperative “Become who you are” towards themselves – i.e., those who by themselves seek again and, by their own effort, or by what Pierre Bourdieu calls “assisted self-analysis”, discover themselves. This is an overcoming that concerns all of us.


EXHIBITING BODIES AND MUSEUMIZING SUFFERING

SVETLANA SABEVA

On the basis of background knowledge on the already existing European museums of the communist secret services and Holocaust museums, the first part of the article discusses the role of the museum in policies of the sensory, with reference to the way in which political techniques exhibit bodies placed together in specific environments of contact and vulnerability. After discussing the “phenomenon-techniques” of exhibiting bodies, the article continues with the problem of the genealogy of the museum (similar to Nietzsche’s genealogy of morals) out of the depths of everyday life, out of the pre-museum, which takes place as “exhibiting the bodies below”. The second part of the text outlines two cases: that of the ruined bodies depicted on posters (printed in post-war Germany by the Allied armies) related to the German death camps, and that of the body-documents, discussed on the basis of a Bulgarian epistemological archive, dating from 1989, which anticipated the problem of the communist Secret Service.

Keywords: policies of the sensory, museumizing suffering, socioanalysis of ruined bodes (the legacy of the Holocaust) and of the body-documents (the legacy of communism)

IN THE COURTROOM OF THE PERSONAL “COURT OF HISTORY”: (ILLOCUTIONS IN THE DIARIES OF SOCIALISM)

TODOR PETKOV

The personal diary, being a work of historiography, is also a virtual (in the wider meaning of “imaginary”) court of the “history of the present times”. Among the defendants in this court, the diary’s author takes a specific place: one of his/her historical deeds is writing the diary itself and holding this quasi-judicial trial. The illocutionary forces of all utterances in this “court” depend primarily on the authorization of the author, on his/her authorizational identity bestowed by the action of the functions of legitimate discourse (Bourdieu and Deyanov) and by the action of the time-modalized retributive function: what will be the identity of whoever acts now, is a matter of pro-active time-modalization in which all these functions are transposed into the future, and what is to be done now to the one who will have that identity, is that specifically complex – pro-actively retroactive – time-modalization that affects the diary’s author. In the diaries of socialism, the maintenance of the author’s legitimate affirmative identity is achieved in the form of a perpetually active practical-logical modus ponens, and it is not the result but this perpetual action itself, insofar as it stays within the official truth of socialism, that authorizes the “court of history” held by this author.

Keywords: illocutionary forces in the “court of history”, proactively-retroactive time-modalization of the retributive function of legitimate discourse, self-authorization by a practical-logical modus ponens


THE UNION OF BULGARIAN ARTISTS AND THE IMAGE OF EVERYDAY LIFE IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 1950s

IVAN ELENKOV

The article explores the early history of the Union of Bulgarian Artist in relation to the serial replication of ideological messages through the production of items for everyday use.

Keywords: socialism, Union of Bulgarian Artists, ideology, everyday life


PICTURES AT THE END OF THE ANCIEN REGIME

ANDREY BUNDZHULOV

The starting point of the present article are the memoirs of some high-ranking leaders of the Bulgarian Communist Party who were in a position of “double exclusion” – being simultaneously excluded by their “comrades” and by “the turn of history”. The concept of “pictures of visibility” is deduced from what was, at that time, an important decision of the Politburo, dating from August 1987 and entitled The Attributes of Power. The pictures of visibility emerge in the field of apparatuses and institutions. From the viewpoint of the individual and collective actors (functionaries and apparatuses) these pictures were in fact resources (stakes) in the network games. The socialist heterotopy was distinguished from the modern ones in that it created a different type of visuality, which, towards the end of the former regime, was contested, reduced, and transformed in an unusual way. The question is, why did the authorities take this peculiar step of delimiting not so much their power as their own visibility?

Keywords: network capitalism, network games, network (heliotropic) effects, pictures of visibility

SHORTAGE ECONOMY / ARBITRAGE ECONOMY

TODOR HRISTOV

The article claims that the political economy of socialism could be more adequately presented as an arbitrage economy than, as usually considered in present-day communist and post-communist studies, as a shortage economy. In that context, an arbitrage economy is conceived of as economic activities geared at generating profit from the difference between markets, for example, from the difference between the pricing of a product on the government-regulated market and on the open market. The claim that socialist economy was driven by arbitrage is demonstrated by two accounts of the assemblages that the Bulgarian Communist Party developed after 1949 in its ceaseless attempts to tackle the grain deficit: on one hand, as a security apparatus aimed at preventing the deficit, and on the other hand, as a form of arbitrage. Building on the second account, the article proposes that the theory of socialist societies as network societies, developed by the Institute of Critical Social Studies, should be reinterpreted so as to take into account the socialist forms of capital incentives.

Keywords: shortage, arbitrage, capitalism, socialism, governmentality


THE ORGANIZATION OF SOCIALIST TRADE IN BULGARIA, 1954–1963: DOCTRINAL CONTRADICTIONS AND INTER-INSTITUTIONAL TENSIONS

ELITZA STANOEVA

Focusing on the ideology and management of socialist trade, this article reconstructs sustainable tensions and conflicts that existed between institutions and entire administrative sectors on the supposedly “united front” of the planned economy; the author emphasizes that their nature was characterized by system-built (d)effects. A starting point of the analysis is the Party program of “satisfaction of the growing needs of people of labor” and, specifically, its key priorities in improving the trade network by aiming, on the one hand, at mass provision and equal access and, on the other hand, at high quality and wide variety of supplied goods. The propaganda messages invested in this doctrine – a promised of prosperity for society at large and an evidence of the superiority of the command economy over the free market of capitalism – were, however, refuted in trade practice. Whereas domestic commerce was entrusted with the mission of meeting consumer demand, the national industry was pressured to economize on materials, lower the cost price and raise the volume of production – tasks that could not be coordinated with the requirements of quality and innovations. Solutions to this problem were sought along the line of administrative multiplication by altering horizontal fragmentation and vertical centralization. Yet the new organizations inevitably inherited the old conflicts and deficiencies. Even the ideological compromise of inaugurating luxury goods production failed to stimulate better-quality output and to synchronize the divergent motivations of producers, suppliers and traders.

Keywords: socialist trade, socialist production, state institutions, administrative centralization / decentralization, consumption, quality and variety of goods, luxury goods, fashion, turnover

 

Read more: Abstract (Eng) 

Copyright © 2012 sp-bg.eu. All Rights Reserved.